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Grade 2 Curriculum

Our curriculum prescribes a well integrated, balanced, inquired based holistic learning experience for our blossoming 2nd graders. In second grade, learners develop a practice of deeper inquiry & understanding in various areas. Our curriculum is aimed at nurturing their innate curiosity and instilling intrinsic motivation to learn, by connecting concept understanding, and skill learning, with hands on activities, games, and play in innovative ways.

Our comprehensive curriculum integrates the best practices, & learning themes of standard curricula, and syllabi across the world. In addition, our curriculum is adaptable and flexible to address the challenges, and opportunities of online/digital learning and hybrid learning. With provisions for differentiation, and personalization, our curriculum stands out as a truly global, 21st century education platform, which is much needed in a post pandemic era.

Academic learning in grade 2 is well complimented with holistic & adaptive assessments, co-curricular and extracurricular learning activities, and flexible, adaptable, & multiple intelligence learning methods, thus nourishing the scholastic, social & emotional, leadership, life skills, and character development of our blossoming learners.

What We Learn

Listening and Speaking are further reinforced by providing meaningful context and tasks. Children learn effective oral communication techniques and given many opportunities to express themselves clearly, and articulate their thoughts and feelings freely.  Emphasize active listening and comprehension with auditory lessons and prompts.

Learning Outcomes:

Contribute meaningfully to a small group or class discussion to develop a topic

Engage in role play, skit, and conversation speaking simple sentences, using audible voice, expression, and correct pronunciation

Narrate/retell / relate a story with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speak audibly in coherent sentences

Express likes and dislikes, greetings and reciprocating greetings, conversing and responding to conversations in class and other informal settings.

Sustain focus on the topic being discussed in verbal interactions

Identify the key ideas, words from a text that is read aloud

Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to clarify, comprehend and gather additional information on the topic discussed

Narrate stories / recite poems aloud with expression;

Produce complete sentences when assigned to task and situation in order to provide requested detail or clarification

Use vocabulary in context to ask questions, comprehend, and provide information.

Children read seen texts/ pictures and interpret them accordingly. Further they develop independent reading abilities, fluency and comprehension.

Learning Outcomes:

Interpret a picture using simple questions and rearranges pictures in a sequential order

Comprehend a passage, describes the settings, plot & characters and expresses how their actions contribute to the sequence of the events

Determines understanding of the central message, or moral of a story

Anticipating, making inferences, and recognizing the author’s point of view of a story

Identifying the main topic in a text

Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic.

Understand the connection between a series of events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in procedures in informational text

Take part in discussions about reading and books

Reading simple stories, fables, and articles fluently and independently

Figuring out unfamiliar words using phonetic strategies

Become familiar with a range of traditional and fairy tales, including telling some orally.

Participate in poetry reading, identify rhyming words, sensations, and emerging levels of comprehension

In second grade, students continue learning how to communicate clearly and coherently with their writing. They will begin to study the writing process—the stages of writing from pre-writing through editing.

Learning Outcomes:

Learn to gather information from sources to answer a question.

Writing for different purposes and audiences such as creative, informational/expository, and persuasive forms

Write answers to comprehension questions on reading and understanding the text

Write stand-alone sentences of 8-10 lines on a given topic (e.g. “a visit to the zoo”, “class picnic”, “my favourite food”, etc.) with good vocabulary and correct grammar.

Recollect stories, describe personal experiences and situations in writing

Creating written drafts that will be revised and edited, with guidance from a teacher

Grammar and vocabulary are developed through contextual activities/tasks and explicit instruction. Students will continue to learn to make grammatically correct sentences and paragraphs reviewing the grammar rules learning new concept 

Learning Outcomes:

Distinguish between complete and incomplete sentences

Identify and correctly use parts of speech including nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions, & prepositions

Understand and identify proper nouns, countable and uncountable nouns

Learn & practice punctuation (including use of capital letters, commas, exclamations, and question marks)

Learn and use personal pronouns e.g. myself ourselves himself / herself etc.

Learn descriptive & quantitative adjectives, degrees of comparison, verbs, and tenses.

  Spelling frequently used, but irregular words correctly

Identifying the meaning of words and phrases in appropriately-leveled text based on contextual cues

Use of homophones, antonyms, and synonyms.

Children continue to strengthen their understanding about two digit numbers and extend this up to three digits. The basic properties like comparison of numbers, ordering and forming greatest and smallest three digit numbers.

Learning Outcomes:

Numbers up to 99 and their number names

Read and write 3 digit numbers up to 999

Place and face values of digits in a three-digit number

Identify & apply pattern that numbers and number names have

Solve place value related puzzles and word problems (guess my number, find the number games)

Mental computations of before and after numbers and simple additions.

Learn how to compare, sort, add and subtract  2 and 3 digit numbers with regrouping. Understand the properties of addition – identity, commutative and associative properties informally.

Learning Outcomes:

Comparison of numbers and their arrangement in ascending and descending orders.

Skip-counts by 5s, 10s, and 100s within 1000

Add and subtract within 1000

Solving daily life problems related to addition and subtraction presented through pictures and stories.

Construct problems that can be solved by addition & subtraction of two digit numbers

Estimate sum and difference of two given numbers

Mental addition and subtraction of two digit numbers

Learn and use rounding to estimate sum and difference within 1000 mentally

Describe 3-D objects that they have in their daily life experiences – its shape, size, location and orientation which make it different and/or similar to other objects. Learn geometrical vocabulary like naming shapes as rectangles, squares, triangles and circles, classifying edges as straight and curved and surfaces as curved and plane etc..

Learning Outcomes:

Describe basic 3D and 2D shapes with their observable characteristics

Identify basic 3D-shapes such as cuboid, cylinder, cone and sphere by their names

Trace 2D outlines of 3D objects

Identify 2D shapes (rectangle, square, triangle, circle) by their names and different polygons

Comprehend area and perimeter of 2D objects

Distinguish between straight and curved lines

Draw/ represent straight lines in various orientations (vertical, horizontal, slant)

Divides circles and rectangles describing shares as halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.

Develop basic understanding of measurement – what, why, and how.  Learn about measuring units, tools, measuring length, height, weight, time etc, making estimations & solving measurement problems.

Learning Outcomes:

Estimates lengths using units of inches, feet, centimeters, and meters

Uses addition and subtraction within 100 to solve word problems involving lengths

Tells and writes time using analog/digital clocks to the nearest 5 minutes using a.m./p.m.

Identify the days of the week and months of the year

Sequence the events occurring over longer periods in terms of hours/days

Solves word problems involving money using symbols appropriately

Classify objects as heavier/lighter than, using simple balance

Order containers based on the estimation of their capacities and verifying them.

Learn how to read data and make inferences from simple charts and graphs.

Learning Outcomes:

Generates, represents, and interprets data using picture graphs and bar graphs

Interpret simple charts and make mental and verbal inferences.

Comprehend how different data can be represented pictorially using charts and graphs

Observe, extend and create patterns using different objects, shapes and numbers.

Learning Outcomes:

Observation and identification of unit of repetition in a given pattern

Extension of the pattern to next few terms on the basis of the identified unit of repetition

Create patterns from daily life experiences.

Learn how addition, subtraction, multiplication and division operations are related and apply addition and subtraction to solve real world math problems (word problems and hands on activities). Apply abstract thinking to numbers, number operations, measurement, patterns, geometry, and data handling concepts

Learning Outcomes:

Explains why addition and subtraction strategies work (place value, properties of operation)

Use repeated addition to figure out how many objects are in an array

Understand that multiplication is repeated addition using grouping & patterns.

Understand that division is repeated subtraction using equal sharing activity

Solve number puzzles and riddles using various clues – place value, number of digits, range of each digit, addition and subtraction facts related to the unknown number.

Learn about plants and animals, their main characteristics, needs, and how they interact and serve us through observation, scientific investigations, lessons and activities

Learning Outcomes:

Identify and name the different parts of the plant and their functions

Draw main parts of a plant and label them;

Understand how plants are important for the survival of people and animals

Learn about various plant and animal products and their use

Distinguish between different kind of plants based on their habitat i.e., in water, on land; discuss reasons of modification of different parts of some plants.

Understand that plants need air, light, water, soil and room to grow.

Understand how animals help plant in dispersal of seeds and pollination

Describe and distinguish some observable characteristics of animals

Draw pictures of various animals and label their parts

Differentiate and compare various animal habitats

Understand that humans and animals share many characteristics 

Learn to respect all life forms on earth – plants, animals, bugs, birds, and all creatures

Learn about matter, light, sound, force, simple machines, heating, cooling and properties of materials through scientific observation, experiments and inquiry.

Learning Outcomes:

Develop a basic understanding of matter and its states.

Understand the sources, properties and effect of light

Learn about sounds, vibrations using simple observations.

Learn about simple machines and forces using hands-on building activities

Observe how objects and substances change when heated or cooled down.

Illustrate the physical phenomenon and objects in drawing.

Explain verbally and in writing their observations and inference in the physical world.

Learn about the planet Earth, Moon, other planets in the Solar System. Children learn about the characteristics of our planet, what makes life possible on it and how to protect it. We learn more about time, space, direction, maps, day & night and seasons in a scientific way using observations, experiments, and inquiry.

Learning Outcomes:

Investigate and understand what makes life possible on Earth but not other planets

Learn about land, water, rocks, and soil on Earth using maps.

Learn and explain what causes day and night and seasons.

Understanding of time, distance,  and direction using maps

Understand land and water distributions on the planet Earth – know about the 5 oceans and 7 continents and countries

Learning Outcomes:

  Know about the city, state, country and continent where you live.

Learn about the main characteristics of the seven continents

Learn about oceans and locate them on the map

Develop familiarity with maps, and finding places on a map.

     Understand that different places have different weather and living conditions.

Develop a basic understanding of history, culture, and economics by exploring festivals and traditions around the world, learn about trade, and how many systems we depend on came into existence.

Learning Outcomes:

Develop an understanding of different customs, clothing, traditions, & celebrations in different parts of the world.

Identify the different modes of transport available in the surroundings

Identify different professions related to transport

Differentiate between the various kinds of transport used on land, in water and air and how it enables human mobility and trade.

Begin to understand how it all started – from early man to civilizations to modern times.

Learn the importance of experimenting, investigating, and making inferences in science by conducting hands on experiments, observations, and investigations.

Learning Outcomes:

Set up simple comparative tests, ensuring they are carried out fairly.

Make systematic observations, using appropriate equipment and standard units.

Gather and record information to help answer scientific questions.

Use results to draw simple conclusions or to raise further questions.

Use straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions.

** Second Languages options include – Telugu, Hindi, French and Spanish

Able to speak clearly in full sentences, with age level vocabulary. Ability to engage in back and forth conversations, greetings, narrate small stories, describe surroundings, experiences with little prompting. Able to memorize & recite short poems and narrate with correct pronunciation, voice and expression. Ability to understand the main idea, context, and grasp familiar words when listening to a story or poem.

Reading Fluency and Comprehension

Reading grade level prose and poetry independently with little help. Understand the context, setting, theme, characters, details, supporting details, conclusion/message of stories and narratives. Able to decode word meanings using context clues.

Writing and Grammar

Write grammatically correct, simple sentences using a variety of words to describe things and narrate stories.  Understand nouns, verbs, sentence structure, gender, plural, punctuations and word meanings.

Specific language learning outcomes and themes to be added soon.

Learn about computing devices, hardware and software, and troubleshooting

Learning Outcomes:

Understand that computer can perform a variety of tasks quickly and correctly

People use different types of computing devices to play music, to send and receive emails, pictures and to calculate very very big additions, multiplications, subtractions etc very very quickly

Understand that a computer consists of hardware  – physical parts that you can touch & feel and the software – the instructions/commands that tells the devices what & how to compute.

Computing systems might not work as expected because of hardware or software problems. CProblems with computing systems have different causes, such as hardware settings, programming errors, or faulty connections to other devices.

Clearly describing a problem (for example, “The computer won’t turn on,” “The pointer on the screen won’t move,” or “I lost the web page.”) and guessing a probable cause.

Computer networks can be used to connect people to other people, places, information, and ideas. The Internet enables people to connect with others worldwide through many different computing devices and networks connected to each other, sending and receiving messages. Care must be taken to use authentication measures, such as strong passwords, to protect devices and information from bad actors.

Learning Outcomes:

Devices, such as cell phones, communicate with one another through a series of intermediary connection points, such as cellular towers.

This coordination among many computing devices on the network allows a person to voice call a friend or video chat with a family member.

Authentication is the ability to verify the identity of a person or entity.

Usernames and passwords, provide a way of authenticating a user’s identity.

Everyday computing devices collect all kinds of data, store, retrieve and process that data to provide us with the information (results) we need. Computers perform tasks using data, just like human beings think and process what they see, hear, feel, smell, and taste.

Learning Outcomes:

Computers store data in their memory and retrieve the data to process and show to the user when asked.

Data that is stored on the computer can be easily retrieved, copied, and stored in multiple places.

Data can be in different forms – numbers, text, pictures, videos and more..

Data can be displayed for communication in many ways. People use computers to transform data into new forms, such as graphs, tables and charts.

Data can be used to make inferences or predictions about the world.

Predictions, statements about future events, are based on patterns in data and can be made by looking at data visualizations, such as charts and graphs. Observations of people’s clothing (jackets and coats) can be used to make an inference about the weather (it is cold outside).

Patterns in past data can be identified and extrapolated to make predictions. For example, a person’s lunch menu selection can be predicted by using data on past lunch selections.

Learn to think computationally – coming up with algorithms for simple tasks using unplugged activities and writing simple programs.

Learning Outcomes:

Learn to draw flow charts and step by step algorithms for simple tasks using templates

Come up with algorithms (step by step instructions) for a variety of cognitive tasks – such as classification, matching, sorting, number operations etc..

Learn programmatic constructs for using variables and simple conditionals.

Understand how a computer does exactly what our program makes it do – so when a computer gives a wrong result/answer it is because of an error in our program or the data we gave it.

Learn how programs are tested with data.

Develop a high-level understanding of how computers perform tasks using these step by step instructions using unplugged activities

Comprehend the day to day tasks enabled by computing and the larger systems enabled by computing and how it impacts us

Learning Outcomes:

Develop an understanding of the ubiquity of computing to accomplish micro and macro level tasks – because computers are much faster and always accurate.

List out some of the tasks computers perform for us and how slow or impossible would these tasks be if humans did that.

Understand how computing has changed the way we work, communicate, entertain, learn, and conduct business.

Recognize own thoughts and feelings, understand zones of regulation and calming strategies. Know and accept that it ok to be different

Learning Outcomes:

Recognize and name feelings

Recognize triggers (what events, situations, things) for red zone, blue zone, yellow zone and green zone

Be aware of the unthinkable characters (rock brain, glass man and more from the super flex curriculum) that can get in your way and the super powers you can use to win over them

Recognizing what are small and big problems and how to handle them

Understand relationships and know your circle of support – people who love me, people who like me, people who I can ask for help

Understand, connect & collaborate with others (peers & adults) and develop positive relationships.

Learning Outcomes:

Recognize expected behavior & hidden rules in various situations – in the class room, in the library, on the play ground and respond accordingly

Learn inside and outside voice, and understand how our behaviors can bother others

Learn ways to communicate politely when others behavior bothers us and find ways to get along/work together.

Playing fairly with a sportive spirit and showing respect for others.

Know the rules of fair play and speak up when others take your turn or being a bully.

Be aware of personal space bubble when sharing a work/play space with peers.

Recognize adults who you can go to for support, or to ask for help when in trouble.

Able to initiate & join in conversations and play.

Listen and respond to others with attention ( staying on topic/task at hand)

Making good and responsible choices, that contribute to personal and community success, and wellbeing

Learning Outcomes:

Recognize what is a good choice and a bad choice in a situation by analyzing pros and cons of each.

Understand expected behaviors and responsibilities in situations and learn to ask for help or clarification when you are not sure.

Recognize the benefits of being responsible and helping to others

Standing up and advocating for ourselves and others, when someone is not playing fair or acting like a bully

Understand that it is ok to make mistakes and it is important to learn from mistakes.

Introduction to mindfulness and mindful practices

Learning Outcomes:

Learn mindful practice – mindful eating, mindful breathing, mindful body scan, mindful walking, mindful listening, mindful drawing etc

Recognize the difference between doing a job with and without mindful attention and understand the benefits of staying mindful when doing various activities.

Use mindfulness strategies to recognize thoughts, feelings, and emotions.

Apply mindfulness strategies to focus and stay calm when something distracts us

Learn various coping strategies to deal with uncertainty, unexpected events, & thorny days

Practice gratitude, kindness, and compassion towards self and others.

Learn about growth mindset and the science behind it. Practice growth mindset constantly to set goals, to try new and hard stuff, to take on challenges and more. Reflect on how embracing growth mindset helped you.

Learning Outcomes:

Ability to differentiate between growth mindset and fixed mindset approach

Apply growth mindset strategies to overcome challenges and to try new things

Journal personal experiences about how you have used growth mindset and how it helped.

Able to understand and articulate the benefits of growth mindset and determine ways to embrace a growth mindset to set and achieve seemingly hard/difficult goals and tasks.

Observe, understand & reproduce the lines, size, shape and scale of objects visually. Understanding effect of colors & texture to the theme. Composition – learning how to space objects in drawing.

Learning Outcomes:

Draw and paint different shapes of different sizes on paper

Make shapes of different sizes with clay and play dough.

Identify and draw lines namely; straight, curved, vertical and horizontal  with near precision.

Make images of objects, animals, trees, etc., using lines and shapes;

Drawing and painting images of their liking from immediate surroundings and color them appropriately

Create secondary colors and their shades by mixing primary colors

Identify and name different textures and surfaces of household objects, flowers, fruits, fabric, & more.

Learn basic techniques for creating different textures using materials like tissue paper, paints etc..

Identify different compositions of their liking from the immediate surroundings

Arrange different shapes, objects, images on paper (2 D space) and on ground/slab/corner (3D spaces)

Draw / paint compositions on themes, such as; myself, my family, my school, park where I play

Developing an understanding  different tools and techniques used for experiencing visual arts through practice, observation & experimentation.

Learning Outcomes:

Identify, name & explore different tools and techniques, such as; round brushes, flat brushes, scissors, roller/rolling pin, drawing, painting, printing, clay modeling, spray painting, origami, construction, paper craft, and so on

Master use of common tools – scissors, glue, coloring with crayons, outlining, and tracing neatly

Create art work using age appropriate tools

Practice different techniques, such as hand painting, thumb painting, blow painting, block printing, tearing pasting, paper folding, clay modeling with coil, slab and pressing and pinching

Narrate art experiences using appropriate vocabulary

Appreciate nature and natural objects; such as trees, plants, flowers, animals, lakes, sea beaches, rivers, mountains, clouds, wind, rain, sun and moon, sky, parks, butterflies etc.

Fundamentals of music, different forms of music, terminology. Learn about musical instruments, voice (singing) & basic music notations

Learning Outcomes:

Understand fundamentals (rhythm, pitch & lyric) of music

Identify and differentiate various forms of music

Know the different types of musical instruments.

Sing and or play simple songs on a musical instrument of choice

Learn about various forms of dance, its history and purpose. Understand dance as a body and mind art through practice.

Learning Outcomes:

Able to perform basic steps and posture in a dance form of choice.

Understand the fundamentals of all dance forms – body awareness, expression, posture, balance, and grace

Ability to understand the expression, and appreciate a dance performance.

Understand the intricacies of performing on stage – how you present and engage the audience.

Incorporate characters, settings, props, plot and create elaborate role play and pretend play sequences. Introduction to drama

Learning Outcomes:

Work in a team to create and enact a sequence of events in pretend and role plays

Demonstrate understanding of the setting and characters by using appropriate props and expression

Use a variety of dialogues in conversations and monologues while playing pretend.

Ability to improvise/change part of the play when asked to

Learn basic of drama & theater – vocabulary, purpose, who and what..

Imitate favorite characters with dialogues and expression.

Understand the importance of physical activity and demonstrate their willingness and enjoyment of by being active in a variety of ways

Learning Outcomes:

Actively participate in a wide variety of program activities, according to their capabilities (e.g. individual and small-group activities, dancing to music, cooperative games), while applying behaviors that enhance their readiness and ability to take part

Demonstrate an understanding of factors that contribute to their personal enjoyment of being active

Identify reasons for participating in physical activity every day – to have fun, to stay healthy..

Participate in moderate to vigorous physical activity, with appropriate warm-up and cool-down activities, to the best of their ability for a minimum of twenty minutes each day

Participate in setting and achieving realistic personal and group goals related to physical activity

Demonstrate behaviors and apply procedures that maximize safety and lessen the risk of injury, for themselves and others during physical activity (e.g.,   .  avoiding broken glass on the field or on the playground and reporting it to the teacher)

Perform movement skills, demonstrating an understanding of the basic requirements of the skills and applying movement concepts & strategies as appropriate, demonstrating an understanding of the components of a variety of physical activities, in order to enhance their ability to participate successfully in those activities.

Learning Outcomes:

Perform a variety of static balances with and without equipment (e.g., balance on the floor, on a line, on a bench; balance objects on different body parts)

Demonstrate the ability to jump, hop, and land safely and in control, taking off from one foot or from two feet

Perform a variety of locomotor movements with and without equipment,, moving at different levels, using different pathways, and traveling in different directions

Send and receive objects of different shapes and sizes in different ways, using different body parts, at different levels.

Strategizing movement – sequencing & appropriate use of body strength, balance, & weight.

Understanding health concepts, personal safety and injury prevention, eating healthy and making healthy choices

Learning Outcomes:

Demonstrate an understanding of practices that enhance personal safety in the home

Identify common food allergies and sensitivities (e.g., to peanuts, tree nuts, milk, eggs, fish) and the reactions they might cause

Outline the basic stages of human development (e.g., infant, child, adolescent, adult, older adult) and related changes, and identify physical, mental, social, and environ- mental factors that are important for healthy growth and living throughout life

Demonstrate an understanding of how a person’s body and brain respond to challenging or uncomfortable situations (e.g., they may feel tired, easily overwhelmed, confused, or overstimulated; they may want to cry or they may have very intense feelings; they may get a headache or feel hot), and describe what they can do to feel better at those times

Demonstrate an understanding of how to make healthy food choices for meals and snacks, considering the factors they can and cannot control

Explain the importance of consent and demonstrate the ability to stand up for them- selves and others, to enhance well-being and safety

Demonstrate an understanding of and apply practices that contribute to the maintenance of good oral health

Describe methods that may be used instead of or in combination with medication to maintain good physical and mental health and prevent or treat various health problems

Describe how to relate positively to family members, caregivers, and others (e.g., cooperate, show respect, communicate openly, manage anger, pay attention to what people say and to their facial expressions and body language), and describe behaviors that can be harmful in relating to others ( verbal abuse, including both online and face-to-face name calling, insults, and mocking; deliberately ignoring someone, or ignoring the feelings they express; physical violence, including pushing, kicking, and hitting)

We learn the basics – the theme, rules, strategies of team and individual sports like basket ball, soccer, athletics, jump rope, hula hoop etc . We practice the basic drills of each sport and familiarize ourselves and build comfort with the sport

Learning Outcomes:

Children learn and practice a variety of gross motor and balancing skills as they engage in sport drills

Understand the basics rules (how to play, teams, scoring) of each sport

Build physical fitness, familiarity, and comfort with sport by practicing drills

Recognize favorite sport as they practice drills.

Learn the importance of team work, sportsmanship, safety, and practice for sporting success.

Children learn what is effective communication – how to present ideas clearly with confidence and expression

Learning Outcome:

Show and tell with preparation – bring a thing or two show in class and talk about that in good detail with clarity

Demonstrate an understanding of effective oral presentations – how to engage your audience and convey your ideas effectively

Communicate ideas, asks, needs and wants clearly to adults and peers.

Create & present a well organized one slide presentation on a topic with bullet points.

Narrate stories & experiences with clarity & expression creating interest and engagement.

Share jokes, riddles, or impromptu ideas with class with comfort.

Leading is being responsible, staying curious, to prioritize and make decisions. We learn how to influence in 2nd grade

Learning Outcomes:

Learn self awareness and develop self understanding and lead ourselves in our personal experiences – communicate our thoughts & feelings

Learn to be assertive and advocate for ourselves when needed

Joyfully explore by asking questions, seeking out new knowledge.

Observe & show interest in everything and everyone and listen.

Set smart goals, work towards achieving them – with practice, recognizing & resolving roadblocks & conflicts and seeking help when needed.

Learn to make good choices and decisions.

Learn about influence and apply methods to influence to build our influencing power

Reach out to help others in need, and seek help from others when needed.